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GEOGRAPHICAL REGIONS COVERED:

  • Manyara Region - MAWO visited Losokonoiand Lormojoivillages. The two villages Losokonoiand Lormojoi belong to the Simanjiro district, Manyara Region.

OBJECTIVES:

General Objectives

  • To improve the health of donkeys in Manyara through access to veterinary services.
  • To improve the performance and health of donkeys through capacity building of donkey owners and the community members on donkey welfare and health issues

Specific Objectives

  • To carry our harnessing training
  • To carry out deworming ,wound treatment and other ailments

PROJECT PERSONNEL:

CASE FREQUENCY
1. Wounds 35
2. Eye care 9
3. Deworming & Ectoparasite control 322
4. Hoof trimming 8
Total number of donkeys 322

Mobile Clinic Veterinarians

  • Dr. DausonKatulitsa
  • Dr. Sabbath Bwanga
  • Ms. Irene Wairimu (MAWO Para-vet)
  • Mr. EphatLaizer (Government Para-vet)

Mobile Clinic Assistants

  • Ms. Johanna Johnson (Volunteer from Sweden)
  • Mr. Johnson Lyimo
  • Ms. Witness Anthony

ACTIVITIES CARRIED OUT:

We carried out trainings on proper harnessing, materials to make proper improvised harnesses and how to avoid injuries as a result of poor harnessing.

We also taught them the need to call veterinarians when the animals are sick and also the need to use only healthy animals as pack animals. Also the need to use adult donkeys instead of young juvenile donkeys to carry loads.

We taught them the need to provide clean water to their donkeys regularly if not always and the need to feed them so as they can obtain as much energy from the feed and boost their immune systems.

We used Ivermectin 1% for prophylactic and treatment of ectoparasites and endoparasites thus improve the comfortability of the animals. We treated several eye cases and wound which majority was as a result of poor harnessing and restraining. Also some of the wounds were as a result of branding with crude blunt objects.

OBSERVATIONS:

We observed a decrease in the number of donkeys brought to the clinic. The decrease was influenced by the harvesting season where most donkeys were working in the fields and the owners didn’t want to spare time to bring them.

It’s also the dry spell which means that most donkeys were involved in the fetching of water.

We came across cases of overgrown hooves, eye infections and wounds. Majority of the donkeys that came for the clinic were brought by women. This shows that the men were disinterested as they still believe donkeys are not so useful and that work should be done by women rather than men. This behavior in men is a challenge to us as we do not reach most donkeys since the women who should bring the donkeys to the clinic are involved in other chores. We hope to tackle this challenge and bring men to appreciate the work done by the donkeys and thus actively participate in the education and clinics. We also aim to change the clinic stations to be near water points and markets so as to reach more donkeys.

EXPECTED OUTCOME:

  • Improved donkey welfare
  • Minimal wounds and injuries which mainly result from neglect or malicious practices
  • Change of mindset and attitudes by the people towards donkeys especially for the men
  • Economic boost for the people as they will have healthier donkeys which can manage to work for them. Also the sake of the improvised harnesses.

CASE STUDY - DONKEY TREATMENT:

As we were carrying out our routine donkey clinics, we came across a case that required urgent medical treatment and follow up. Mr. Swai’s adult donkey had a big septic wound along the lumbar vertebrae. The wound was as a result of poor harnessing and overloading. The donkey had not received any medical care with regards to the wound and that’s why the wound progressed to be septic. 

Before we arrived the donkey had gone to carry some harvest in the garden. After the donkey came back he was in great pain and was quite distressed and suffering. Our vet ordered for the donkey to be offloaded and treatment to start.

The vet examined the wont and luckily the spinal cord and the nervous system had not been affected. There was pus that had collected in the wound hence it had to be flushed out. We shaved the area and administered Lignocaine (anesthesia). We removed the dead tissue and flushed out the pus with hydrogen peroxide. We then applied topically Povidone then oxytetracycline spray. We finally administered systemic antibiotics. The vet ordered that the donkey should be relieved all duties until it had fully recovered. The vet was to follow up the case three days later.

Three days later, the vet discovered that more pus had collected and to be drained following the same procedure that was done before. We administered systemically antibiotics, multivitamin and an anti-inflammatory. The wound was treated with Povidone then oxytetracycline spray and cream. The owner was taught how to clean the wound aseptically and that the wound was to be cleaned twice in a day. The vet followed up the case every second day for two (2) weeks until the animal was perfectly healed.

MAWO insisted on the need to use proper harnesses in order to avoid such cases. The owner obliged to follow all instructions given to him.

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